The observable class is used to create subclasses that other parts of your program can observe. When an object of such a subclass undergoes a change, observing classes are ‘ notified. Observing classes must implement the Observer interface, which defines the update ) method. The update( ) method is called when an observer is notified of a change in an observed object. Observable defines the methods shown in Table 16-7. An object that is being observed must follow two simple rules. First, if it has changed, it must call setChanged( ). Second, when it is ready to notify observers Of this change, it must call notifyObservers( ). This causes the update( ) method in the observing object(s) to be called. Be careful-if the object calls nOtifyObservers() without having previously called setChanged( ), no action will take place. The observed object must call both setChanged( ) and notifyObservers( ) before update will be called
Notice that notifyObservers( ) has two forms: one that takes an argument and one that does not. If you call notifyObservers( ) with an argument, this object is passed to the observer’s update() method as its second parameter. Otherwise, null is passed to update (). You can use the second parameter for passing any type of object that is appropriate (or you application.)
The Observer Interface
To observe an observable object, you must implement the Observer terrace. This interface defines only the one method shown here void update(Observable observer, Object arg) Here, observer the object being observed, and arg is the value passed by” oversubscribe( ). The update( ) method is called when a change in the observed object takes place.